Magnesium helps the muscles to perform. Prevention of muscle cramps is one of the key benefits of supplementing with Magnesium for sports performance. Magnesium is a crucial electrolyte which needs to be maintained during exercise as it is lost when we sweat, and, in the same point, glycerophosphate helps in hydration. The energy source of our cells, ATP, is also dependent on magnesium to function. Magnesium also helps in muscle recovery, being involved in the muscle repair and synthesis that occurs after performing physical activity. Magnesium has also been found to be involved in multiple aspects of our body’s primary recovery system: sleep. For example, Magnesium binds to GABA receptors, which quiet down nerve activity.
Magnesium is an electrolyte, which means it is essential for the electrical activity within the body. Electrolytes regulate the nerve signals and muscle contractions of a normal heartbeat. Magnesium has also been found to be key for maintaining normal blood pressure.
Magnesium and glycerophosphate help build strong bones. Bones are hard and rigid due to a mineral matrix composed primarily of calcium and phosphorus. Magnesium is essential for the absorption and metabolism of calcium, and glycerophosphate is a source of phosphorus. Magnesium also stimulates the bone-preserving hormone calcitonin, and improves joint flexibility.
Magnesium has been shown to act on the brain in several different ways. It helps to reduce stress and anxiety by balancing out cortisol levels and relaxes nerve activity to allow for a better sleep. Magnesium is known to strengthen synapses, making the brain better equipped to store new information. Magnesium has also been shown to prevent migraines. Proper levels of phosphorus are also crucial to brain health. Phosphorus combines with lipids to form phospholipids, which line the cell membrane. Glycerophosphate is a source of phosphorus.